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Malaria is Deadly.

More on Malaria
Basic Malaria Information
Using Mosquito Nets and Common Sense to Prevent Malaria
Medical Prevention and Treatment of Malaria
Why Should I be Worried About Getting Malaria?
Malaria Treatment and Medication
Mosquito Patch
Malaria is the world's leading killer among infectious diseases in tropical Africa, South East Asia, parts of India, Southern China, Latin America, Haiti and some Pacific Islands.

It is a parasitic infection acquired when a mosquito injects the parasite into the blood. After a few weeks to several months, those who are infected develop flu-like symptoms, such as high fever, headaches, muscle aches, nausea and abdominal discomfort. If left untreated, the malaria can progress to anemia, heart or kidney failure, coma and even death.

Geographical malarial risk areas. Carry a mosquito netting with you if you intend to travel to any of the affected areas.Malaria kills more than 1.5 million people each year - approximately one death every 20 seconds. It is firmly rooted in 103 countries, and more than 10,000 American travelers fall ill to it annually.

A traveler's best defense against this disease is to take antimalarial drugs and avoid being bitten by mosquitos. They should remain in well-screened areas from dusk to dawn, sleep under mosquito netting, wear pants and long sleeved shirts, and apply mosquito repellent containing DEET to their clothing and exposed skin.

Malaria death rates have begun climbing again. Don't travel without a mosquito net. In the U.S., doctors prescribe Lariam in travelers' clinics across the country. The drug was debated in medical circles prior to its approval by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration in 1986 because of its reputation for causing adverse effects on the central nervous system.Today, Lariam is the most widely used antimalarial drug in the world.  
 
Protective measures to avoid malaria:

  • Use mosquito netting and check for holes in the net often.
  • Spray properly screened room with insecticide before evening.
  • Wear protective clothing
  • Minimise nocturnal exposure
  • Sleep in screened areas or use a mosquito net.
  • DEET insect repellents may be applied to exposed skin.
  • 30ml of DEET in 250ml water to impregnate cotton garments.
  • Electronic buzzers are not effective.
  • Use permethrin-containing pesticide for clothing and mosquito netting 0.2g/m2 of material every 6 months.
  • Use pyrethrum-containing sprays and mosquito coils.
  • Long sleeved clothing and long trousers should be worn if out of doors after sunset.
  • Refined lemon eucalyptus oil is also repellent on the skin.

Read more about mosquito borne diseases
The Prevention of Yellow Fever


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