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Malaria Control is Working Hard

Mosquito nets help control malariaMalaria accounts for one in five of all childhood deaths in Africa according to,.
Controlling the spread of malaria will require medication and strong forms of prevention that will include education and dedication.

However, there has been a terrific breakthrough with treated mosquito nets. Such treated nets are often called insecticide-treated nets (ITN). Another technique showing promise is indoor residual spraying (IRS) which is the spraying of inside walls with insecticides. These applications appear to be the leading source for the help in the prevention of Malaria in many African countries. The distribution of insecticide treated mosquito nets combined with the availability of anti-malarial drugs is proving to have a positive effect on malaria control.

Facts About Malaria

  • Malaria is infectious
  • It is a killing blood disease
  • It is spread by an insect call Anopheles female mosquito
  • This parasite transmits this infection from human to human
  • It’s bite is deadly

Malaria kills over 750,000 people a year and over 90% of those deaths occur in Africa and the majority of those are children under five years of age. Once bitten, symptoms occur within days after the attack:

  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Vomiting
  • Flu symptoms that erupt into this deadly malady

Malarial infection can lead to a coma developing into anaemia, which is life-threatening in itself, and finally death.
Read more about Malaria here.

Finding a Solution
There is hope in site to control the spread of malaria but it is yet at the early stages. Though drugs are being used, the parasites become resistant to them.

Facts We Should Not Ignore
Here are a few researched facts on the subject according ”Despite ongoing efforts to control the disease, malaria still remains a serious public health problem in about 90 countries worldwide. On a global scale, malaria causes 300-500 million cases and results in 1.5-3 million deaths annually. Of these, approximately 80% of cases occur on the African continent. In the Southern Africa Development Community (SADC) mortality ranges from 0 to 128 per 100,000 population” February 2010 the Malaria Journal.

  • Every 45 seconds a child dies of malaria
  • Every year over 780,000 people die of malaria
  • Children under 5 account for the majority of malaria deaths
  • The most deadly malaria is plasmodium falciparum
  • Malaria is caused by a female mosquito that bites a night
  • About 2000 people die from malaria daily in Africa
  • 40% of Africa's health resources are used to treat malaria
  • Malaria costs Africa $12 billion annually

How to Put it Right
Night time is the dreaded time; this is when the attacks of the mosquitoes that carry the virus occur. This is when the transmission of the disease is passed from insect to human. Insecticide treated mosquito nets offer double the protection of a regular untreated mosquito net to help control the spread of malaria. Treated nets also protect others within the same vicinity that are outside the net because mosquitoes are killed upon contact with the insecticide. Nets can cover a large bed which can sleep more than one person.

The Changes
Good quality medicines used correctly can reduce the risks presented by these parasites and their resistance to certain medication. There are means of eliminating death by malaria but the solutions require dedication to new technological innovations such as indoor residual spraying, which includes spraying the inside walls of houses and must remain an important part of the strategy to control the spread of malaria . IRS, which has been the leading contributor to this point in reducing child mortality in many African countries, kills the female mosquito after she has drawn the blood. This reduces the malaria transmission to another human being. Stronger vaccines are being developed and availability and distribution are becoming more accelerated.

Significant Changes
There has been a significant improvement with the use of Insecticide-treated mosquito nets and indoor residual spraying. A decline of 20% has been shown in the deaths of children under 5 with the use of ITNs and IRS. It has been shown that the leading contributor in reducing deaths in child malaria cases is the intervention of ITNs and targeted IRS. The ongoing commitment by the international community is required for long-term malaria control.

Article written by Anna DeGaborik
Anna DeGaborik is the author for the All Mosquito Netting Info website. She studies insect diseases and prevention, specializing in mosquitoes.

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